Jin ilimi

Kayan kara ji na tsofaffi

Kwanan nan, an sami karuwa a cikin yawan rashin ji na mutane sama da shekaru 60. Tsoho a gida ya jima yana magana da ƙarfi, yana da sauƙin faɗa, kuma yana da saurin fushi? Idan za a ɗauki irin wannan aikin da mahimmanci, yana iya zama cewa shawara jin tsofaffi yana raguwa.

A watan Maris 3rd, ranar "ƙaunar ranar ƙauna" ta ƙasa ita ce "ranar ranar ƙaunar ƙauna". Bari muyi magana game da rashiwar ji da suka shafi shekaru da tsufa. Me tsofaffi za su yi idan sun ƙi amfani da abubuwan sa na ji?

Dangane da ka'idodi na kasa, an rarraba matakin rashin sauraro zuwa kashi shida.

1. Ji na al'ada: kasa da 25dB (decibel). Tana cikin kewayon sauraren al'ada.

2. Rashin saurin sauraro: 25 zuwa 40 dB. Marasa lafiya ba ya jin ko kawai jin ɗan rauni kaɗan kuma gaba ɗaya baya shafar ƙwarewar magana.

3. Lossarancin ji na gani: 41 zuwa 55 dB. A cikin maɓallin ɗan nesa, hayaniya, da maɓallin tattaunawa, zaka ga ba za ku iya ji sarai ba; girman TV yana da karfi; abun mamakin ya bayyana, kuma jin karar ya fara raguwa.

4. Matsakaici zuwa raunin ji mai ƙarfi: 56 zuwa 70 dB. Ji don manyan tattaunawa da sautunan mota.

5. Lossarancin ji mai rauni: 71 zuwa 90 dB. Marasa lafiya na iya jin saututtukan murya ko tattaunawa a kusa da juna har ma da tsinkayar sauti ko wasali, amma ba baƙi ba.

6. Raunin ji mai rauni sosai: ya fi 90dB girma. Marasa lafiya ba za su dogara da ji kawai don sadarwa tare da wasu ba, kuma suna buƙatar karatun lebe da taimakon harshe.

Tsofaffi waɗanda ke da rauni na ji suna da mummunan tunani da ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya fiye da waɗanda ke da ji na al'ada. Rage ji, ƙwaƙwalwar kwakwalwa na sauti yana raguwa, kuma yana ɗaukar ƙarin kuzari don aiwatar da sauti, don haka sadaukar da wasu kuzarin da aka yi amfani dasu don magance ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya da tunani. A kwana a tashi, tunanin tunani da kuma tunanin tsofaffi zasu ragu. A rayuwa, tsofaffi za su sami matsaloli ta fuskar sadarwa, rage sadarwa, da sauransu, har sai sun rasa sha'awar zamantakewarsu, a hankali su keɓe kansu daga duniyar waje, su zama marasa hankali da marasa ƙarfi.

Saboda haka, lokacin da aka sami asarar tsofaffi, dangi ya kamata ya ɗauki tsofaffi zuwa asibiti don maganin otolaryngology, tiyata da wuya a cikin lokaci (binciken likita na yau da kullun, gwajin kunne, da gwajin saurin sauraron magana) don gano dalilin na rashin ji.

Jinghao10@jinghao.cc

Maggie Wu

Leave a Reply

Your email address ba za a buga. Da ake bukata filayen suna alama *