ITE yana nufin A cikin Gudanarwar Ji na kunne, an haɗa su da ITC, IIC, CIC na jin kunne. Yawancinsu ƙanana ne ƙanana. Saboda girmansu, da wuya mu same su idan mutane suka sa ta. Duk da cewa ƙananan jijiyoyin na iya zama masu hankali, zaku iya gano cewa wasu daga cikin manyan hanyoyin kunnuwa waɗanda suke da sauƙin sakawa ko cirewa musamman ma kuna iya fuskantar matsalolin lalata. Hakanan zai iya sanya kayan ji a cikin kunne ya sauƙaƙa tsaftace da kuma kula. Kuma IIC shine mafi karancin abubuwan ji da ji sosai kadan ne suke zama a gabar kogin inda babu wanda zai iya gani. ITC ko na'urorin sauraron sauraro na CIC sune ƙananan hanyoyin magance matsalar rashin ji. An ƙunshe su gaba ɗaya a cikin ƙananan lamura waɗanda suka dace ko kaɗan ko kuma gaba ɗaya cikin canjin kunne. Mutane da yawa suna son waɗannan saboda ana iya amfani da su ta hanyar wayar hannu a sauƙaƙe. Koyaya, na'urorin IIC, CIC da ITC suna da wuyar riƙewa da daidaitawa saboda girman girman su. Bugu da ƙari, ƙila ba su dace da ƙaramin kunnuwa ba, kuma ana bada shawara ga manya kawai tare da raunin ji mai ƙima zuwa matsakaici.

Bambancin da BTE Aid Aid
Komai ITC, IIC, CIC, har ma da kayan ji na ITE, saboda yanayin sutturar su, suna da banbanci sosai da salon BTE. Mutane da yawa sun gwammace na'urar ji da ke zaune gaba ɗaya a cikin kunne. Ana kiran wannan salon azaman na'urar ITE ko "A cikin kunne". Miliyoyin mutane suna sanye da wannan salon da babban rabo. Yana da mafi yawan zaɓi na farko na sabon na'urar na'urar ji don wanda aka ɗauka saboda zaɓin ITE ana ɗaukar ƙarancin kayan gani.

Lokacin da muka dace da marasa lafiya tare da samfurin BTE "A bayan kunne", muna iya sanya ƙarin iko (ƙarin amplification) a cikin na'urar ji. Ana buƙatar wannan sau da yawa yayin da ƙara ƙaruwa na ji rauni yana ƙaruwa lokaci. Wannan ƙirar tana kuma da ƙarin fa'idar sarrafa ra'ayoyi (wancan haushi mai ban haushi) wanda wasu lokuta ake samu a ƙirar ITE.

YI AMFANI DA ITE ko kayan sautarwa na BTE sun dogara da bukatun abokan cinikin ku, salon ITE ya fi zama ganuwa kuma salon BTE ya fi fadada amma kuma a bayyane. Gabaɗaya magana, muna bada shawara cewa yara zasu iya amfani da nau'in BTE da kuma manya suna amfani da nau'in BTE da ITE.

[tp_tours tour_act_bg_color = "#ffffff" tour_deac_title_color = "#ffffff" tour_deac_border_color = "" controls_size = "md" active_section = "1"]

Kunnen-kunne na kunne (ITE) na kunne (duba Hoto 3-9) ana rarrabasu cikin kayan kunne na kunne na kunne da ke kunne a cikin dukkan jijiyar kunne gwargwadon matsayinsu a cikin kunne. Akwai nau'ikan abubuwa uku na kayan ɗamarar kunne na ITE-rabi da kuma kayan tallafin sauraron sauti na ITE a cikin wasu ƙushin ƙusa na kunne. A cikin kunne mai-kunne
Agajin ji yana cikin kayan da aka saba amfani dasu a halin yanzu, kuma ana bukatar taimakon kayan ji da jijiyoyi daban-daban gwargwadon kunnuwan kunnuwa daban-daban.
Haka kuma akwai wasu jikewar kunne na ƙusa kamar yadda aka gama amfani da kayan sauro. Girman irin waɗannan na'urorin ji an daidaita su. Dole ne mai weji ya yi zanen da ya dace da shi, sannan ya saka taimakon jin murfin a cikin kunnen kuma ya sa shi a cikin kunne.

Tsarin asali na nau'in-na-kunne da nau'in kunne na kunne na ji yake, sun kuma hada da gidaje, makirufo, amplifier kewaye, mai magana da mai karba (duba Hoto na 3 -10).
1. harsashi
Duk abubuwan cikin kunne da na cikin jijiyoyi suna harsashi ne da aka kebanta da su ta hanyar canjin kunne na mai haƙuri (ciki-har ilashi ya hada da ramin kunne), kuma motsin ji na ji yana a kwarin. Abubuwan da ake buƙata na takalmin ana buƙatar ba mai guba ba, ba ya haifar da rashin lafiyan halayen jiki, tsayayye ne a yanayin, ba saurin sauƙin zafin jiki, da sauransu, ba sauki ga tsufa ba, kuma yana da shimfiɗar ƙasa ba tare da lahani ba.
Hakanan ana sanyeren nau'in taimakon kunnnen kunn kunne na layin analog kuma yana da mai volumeaukaka ƙararrawa, fayil ɗin gyaran murya, mafi girman girman daidaitawar sauti, da makamantansu, da kuma wasu shirye-shirye a kunne ko kunne canal na jin kayan sawa suma suna sanye da shirye-shirye. sauya Buttons. Kari akan wannan, wasu kayan taimako suna kuma sanye da igiyar zazzage a gefen ta waje, sannan kuma ana shigar da karar sauti akan hanyar sauti.
2. makirufo

Hoto: A cikin kunne mai-kunne

1-potarfin iko mai ƙarfi
2-Makirufo
3-Mai kara girma
4-Mai tsinkayen mai iya yankewa
5-Shell
6-Mai karba

Hoto: Tsarin kayan kunne da na ji na ciki


Saboda girman nau'ikan kunne na ciki da na jijiyoyi, ana iya shigar da microphones biyu. Cikakken kayan jiye na kunne na kunne suna da wahalar sanyawa tare da wayoyi biyu.
3. Hadakar mai da’irar kewaye
Saboda ƙarancin kayan aikin lantarki da haɓaka haɗewar lantarki, ingantattun na'urori masu kewaya don kayan ji suna zama masu haɓaka. Musamman, ana aiki da siginar dijital, wanda zai iya ƙara ayyuka da yawa ba tare da ƙara ƙarin abubuwan da aka haɗa ba kuma mamaye sararin sararin samaniya na ji. Wannan yana samar da halayen ƙarami da wadataccen jiji na cikin jijiya.
4. baturi
Idsarancin saurare na kunne galibi suna amfani da baturan A13, masu saurin ji a cikin kunne galibi suna amfani da baturan A312, kuma masu cike kunne a kunne suna amfani da A10 ko ma baturan A5.

1. Canje-canje a Takaddun Canal Canal na Canal na waje
Matsakaicin mita na tsoffin ɗakin saurayin ciki shine kusan 2000 zuwa 4000 Hz. Matsakaicin ka'ida shine 3359 Hz ga maza kuma 3440 Hz na mace. Mitar girman kunne na waje a waje da aka auna ta hanyar Bu Xingkuan ita ce (2583 ± 323) Hz, kuma mafi girman sakamako na tasirin canjin kunne na waje a mita 2500 Hz na iya kaiwa zuwa 11-12dB.
Lokacin da mai haƙuri ya sa abin ji a cikin kunne, mitar mafi girman darajar ƙimar sauti a makirufo tana 5118 ~ 5638Hz, wanda ke nuna cewa taimakon in-kunne ɗin har ila yau yana da wani tasiri a kan canjin canjin na kunne. , amma a zahiri ana kula dashi ne daidai wajan hanjin ɗan adam. Matsakaicin Matsakaici, tare da ikon su na yin ramuwar gayya ga tsauraran matakai. Saboda haka, sanya irin wannan sautin na ji na iya inganta haɓakar magana da mara haƙuri.
2. Makon magana akai-akai na kunne na-kunne
Mafi girman saurin birki na amsawa a cikin kunne na kunne shine kusan 2500-2700Hz, wanda yake kusa da reson reson kunne na waje a jikin mutum. Gao Jianlin da sauransu sun yi imani da cewa mitar mitar yawan murfin kunne na kunne mai kusan 200 ~ 7500Hz, kuma mitar tana da fadi, wanda kusan ya shafi fannin harshen mutum. Mitar amsawa tana canzawa kaɗan, kuma kwana yayi daidai, wanda ya dace da kunnen mutum. Amsar dubawa daidai yake, saboda haka zai iya inganta tasirin sauraro.
Gwajin Gao Jianlin ya nuna cewa ramawar sauraron sauraron a 1000Hz, 2000Hz, da 4000Hz na masu kunnuwan kararrakin kunne da na kunne na kunne na kunne shine 25-33dB, yayin da diyya na sauraron a 250-500Hz shine 20-24dB. Compensationarfin sauraron sauraro ya fi na ƙarshen girma.
3. Sautin sauti a cikin makirufo
Akwai daɗaɗɗu da yawa akan gefen jikin mutum, wanda yake samar da rukuni guda na madubin kayan kwalliya. Zasu iya yin tunani da kuma rushe sautin da ke fitowa daga duniyar waje, ta haka ne suke kara yawan karfin sauti da suke fitowa daga duniyar waje a wajen makirufo. Idan aka kwatanta shi da na ji na bayan-kunne, makirufo na kayan karar na cikin kunne yana cikin kunne, kuma tasirin taimakon na ji yana karfafa wannan ka'ida. Matsayi na kunne na kunne da / ko canjin kunnuwa na waje wanda yake kunshe cikin kunnuwan cikin-kunne da na cikin kunnuwan sun banbanta, kuma makarufocin wurare daban-daban na kunnuran na cikin-kunne sun bambanta, don haka samun sautinsu ma daban ne. Gao Jianlin ya kuma gano a gwajin cewa sautin sauti a cikin makirufo na cikin ji na cikin-kunne na kunne shine 5.94 zuwa 6.46dB SPL, tare da matsakaicin (6. 29 ± 1.09) dB SPL; taimakon-kunne na kunne shine 6.90-9. Matsakaicin shine (8. 08 ± 1.83) dB SPL; Cikakken cikakken canjin kunne na kunne shine 8. 80 ~ 9. 30dB SPL, kuma matsakaici shine (9. 01 ± 1.73) dB SPL. Akwai bambance-bambance masu mahimmanci tsakanin ukun.
Wannan yana nuna cewa samun sautin a cikin makirufo na cikakkiyar kayan jiyya na kunne shine mafi girma, wanda zai biyo bayan taimakon canji na kunne, sannan kuma kayan ji na ciki. Tunda ana samun wannan darajar lokacin da aka sami taimakon sauraron sauti, karin sautin a makirufo yana da nasaba da ilmin jikin mutum, halayyar jijiyoyi, da yadda kayan ji suke, kuma bashi da wata alaka da karfin ikon taimakon ji.

Abubuwan da ke cikin kunnuwan na cikin ji ciki idan aka kwatanta su da na kunne da na kunnuwan kunnuwan kunnuwan ne:
Range Yankin da ya dace da asarar sauraro yana da faɗi kuma ƙarfin fitarwa na da girma.
② Zai iya sauƙaƙe shigar da ƙarin abubuwan haɗin kamar microphones, murhun tarawa.
③ Abu ne mai sauƙin sauya baturin da daidaita ƙima fiye da kayan gyaran kunne na kunne da kuma cikakkiyar kayan ji na kunne.

Rashin ingancin kayan cikin kunne ya ƙunshi:
④ Saboda canjin kunne na yaro bai yi girma ba kuma yayi fasali, harsashi yana buƙatar maye gurbin kullun, don haka bai dace don amfani ba.
Idan aka yi la’akari da taimakon na bayan-kunne, makirufo tana kusa da bakin mai karɓar, kuma yana da sauƙin samar da maƙasudin murmurewa.
③ Ga tsofaffi da waɗanda ke da hannu marasa sassauƙa, bai dace don sauya baturin ba kuma daidaita ƙarar.
④ Dukda cewa yana a cikin kunne, har yanzu kamannin sa sunyi girma sosai kuma yana da sauƙin gani.
⑤ Cerumen yana da sauƙi don shigar da taimakon ji ta rami mai sauti, sakamakon lalacewa ga motsi na ciki.
Aid Abin kunne na ƙusa na jijiyar kunne yana cika duka ƙushin ƙusa na kunne, kuma wasu marasa lafiya na iya jin rashin jin daɗi saboda rufewar fata da yawa.
⑦ Kamar dai yadda ake amfani da jiyoyin kunne na BTE da aka ambata a baya, yin toshe kunne yana iya sauƙin faruwa

Rangearancin ƙarfin jiyo a cikin-kunne shine gaba ɗaya 40 zuwa 110 dB. Hada halayyar sa na jijiyoyin ciki da fa'ida da rashin jin daɗinsa, kayan ji na cikin-kunnuwan sun dace da marasa lafiya da matsakaici zuwa asarar ji mai rauni amma basa shirye su sa kayan a kunne na bayan kunne. Kari akan haka, saboda suna iya sanya wasu sassan taimako a hankali, sun fi dacewa da aikin taimakon jin kai Manyan marasa lafiya; don tsofaffi masu tsufa da tsofaffi ko marasa lafiya da hannayensu masu sassauƙa da raunin ji mai rauni, Hakanan zaka iya yin la'akari da zaɓi na abubuwan taimakawa na cikin-kunne.

  • Aararrakin ji na cikin ciki

Taimakon jijiyar kunne yana nufin wani nau'in kayan sautin ji wanda aka keɓance shi da canjin yanayin motsawa na mai haƙuri kuma yana farawa daga ramin kunne kuma yana tsayawa kusa da na biyu.

  • Rarraba kayan ji

A cikin hanyoyin igiyar ruwa na kunne (ITC) kunne (duba Hoto na 3-11) suma kayan sa na ji ne na al'ada. Ba kamar abubuwan cikin ji na ciki ba, kayan ji na cikin ciki ana samun su ne a cikin bututun kunnen mai haƙuri. Dangane da girman, za'a iya ƙara rarraba taimakon jijiyar kunne zuwa canal na kunne (ITC), ƙananan canal na kunne (ƙaramin ITC ko karamin canal), da kuma cikakken canal na kunne.
(CIC) nau'ikan taimakon ji na abubuwa uku. Cikakken kayan jiyewar kunne na kunne suna da mizanai biyu. Lokacin da aka cika waɗannan ka'idodi guda biyu kawai za'a iya kiransu ƙarar hanyoyin ji na kunne, kuma za'a sami mafi kyawun riba da fitarwa. Da farko, bangaren gefen kunne na kunne na kunne wanda aka nuna a cikin Hoto na 3-11 yakamata ya zama akalla kusa da can canjin bakin bakin ciki ko 1 zuwa 2 mm a cikin hanyar canjin kunne; na biyu, sashen tsakiya ya kamata ya zama tsakanin mm 5 daga saman na eardrum.
Idan cikakken cikar kunne na kunne zai kasa cimma maƙasudin biyun nan, zai iya samun fa'idodin cikar bututun kunne kawai, kuma ana iya kiran shi da karamin taimakon canjin kunne. Hakanan kunne na kunne na kunne shima yana can cikin canjin kunne, amma ya fi girma fiye da cikakken canal na kunne da ƙananan kayan saurin ji na kunne.

Abin kunne na kunne na kunne ba wai kawai yana da halayen acousticic na kayan jiyo na cikin-kunne ba, har ma ya kara dacewa da halayen jijiyoyin mutum na kunnuwar mutum, kuma tasirin inganta ji yake da kyau.
1. Canje-canje a Matsakaicin utharancin Mouth
Lokacin da haƙuri ya cika taimakon jijiyar bututun kunne, mitar mafi girman darajar ƙimar sauti a makarufta ita ce 4733-5179 Hz, wanda yake kusa da mitar mitar resonance can waje na kunne a cikin mutane na al'ada. .
2. Canje-canje a tasirin tasirin bayan toshewar canal na kunne
Meatus din waje na waje shine bututun bakin makale. Dangane da ka'idar acoustic, bututun da ke rufe yana da tasirin tasirin sauti akan raƙuman sauti na 4 sau tsawon bututun. Misali, tsayin bututu ya zama 2.5 cm, kuma tsayayyar acoustic ragin reson shine 10 cm, gwargwadon saurin 344 m. lissafin / s, yawan sakewa shine 3440Hz. Columnirar iska a cikin bututu ta sake tsayawa zuwa sautin sauti na wannan mitar, saboda bugun sauti na sauti a cikin mitar a ƙarshen makafin bututun yana ƙaruwa.
Hearingararren kunne na kunne yana 'toshe bututu' na hanyar canjin audit ɗin waje, yana gajarta tsawon lokacin canjin canjin yanayin waje, kuma yana motsa mitar mitar gaba. A wannan yanayin, saurin sauti na mitar magana yana da inganci sosai, saboda a inganta ingantaccen gwajin magana ya inganta.
3. Tasirin kiyaye yanayin tasirin Aura da kuma ingantaccen tushen tushen bayanai

Babban aikin ilimin halittar jiki shine ta hanzarta, gano wuri, tattara da kuma inganta sautunan waje. Kayan aiki na yau da kullun yana da aikin tattara sauti, kuma tsari mara kyau a saman turbar samar da tunani daban-daban kan hanyoyin sauti daga fadada daban-daban da kuma tsayi daban-daban, kuma yana da tasirin kara sauti a karancin wasu mitar. Wannan aikin na auricle zai iya haifar da sakamako mai tacewa, wanda aka ɗauka yana taka muhimmiyar rawa a cikin ingantaccen tushen asalin. Agajin jijiyar kunne yana cikin garken kunne kuma yana rike da mafi kyawun tsarin da yake faruwa, don haka yana taimaka wajan inganta sauti da kuma samo asalin sautin.
4. Tasiri na rami mai sauti kusa da eardrum akan ƙarar sauti
Da farko, saboda nisan da ke tsakanin ramin ji na kunne da na gawarwa ya gajarta, sautin da aka fadada na iya yin aiki kai tsaye a kan bakin murfin, don haka murdiya yayi karami. Abu na biyu, ana sanya taimakon canjin kunne a cikin garken kunne, wanda ya haifar da raguwa a cikin yawan canjin bututun waje. Dangane da dangantakar dake tsakani tsakanin ƙuruciya da matsin lamba, raguwa yana ƙaruwa da hauhawar ƙaruwa. Saboda haka, yayin saka kayan taimako na kunne na kunne, matsanancin sauti zai karu.

Idan aka kwatanta shi da abubuwan da ke cikin kunnuwan na kunne da na cikin-kunne, alfanun kayan agaji na kunne na kunne sun hada da:
Shape Tsarin yana ƙarami, wanda zai iya biyan ainihin bukatun marasa lafiya, kuma ya fi dacewa da sutura.
Ated Ya kasance a cikin rafi na kunne, yana riƙe da tsari na al'ada na abin da ke motsa jiki, wanda ya fi dacewa da halayyar ɗan adam da yanayin jijiyoyin kunne na mutum, kuma yana taimakawa haɓaka ingantaccen sauti da ƙasan asalin sauti.

Rashin kyau na taimakon kunne na kunne zai haɗa da:
① Kamar yadda yake a cikin kunne na kunne na kunne, tunda ba a haɓakar canjin kunne na yaro kuma yayi fasali ba, ana buƙatar maye gurbin harsashi akai-akai, don haka ya kamata yara suyi amfani da shi da hankali.
Aid Abun kunne na kunne zai dace kawai ga marasa lafiya da raunin ji mai sauƙin ko matsakaici. A halin yanzu, kayan kunne na kunne na kunne tare da iko mafi girma ya dace kawai ga marasa lafiya da matsakaicin bakin jiyya na 90 zuwa 95 dB.
③ Baturi da amo kusa da na kunne na kunne suna da ƙarancin kayan sauraran kunne, saboda haka yana da wahalar yin aiki.
④ Kamar yadda aka ambata a baya, saboda ƙaramar sararin samaniya na ciki, taimakon kunne na kunne zai fi haifar da sakamakon jijiya, kuma ba za'a iya haɗa shi da tsarin FM ba.
Kamar yadda yake a cikin kunne na kunne na kunne, ana cikin taimakon ji na kunne a cikin garken kunne kuma sun fi saurin kamuwa da illolin radon.
⑥ Kamar yadda yake a cikin kunne na kunne, suna iya samar da abubuwan fashewa daga kunne.

A halin yanzu, ƙarfin yawan jikewar kunne na kunne na yau da kullun yana ƙasa da 80 dB, kuma wasu nau'ikan samfuran wasu daga cikin manyan jijiyoyin kunnen kunne suna iya isa zuwa 90 d100 dB, amma aikace-aikacen asibiti ba yaduwa. A halin yanzu ana amfani da sautikan ji a cikin rukunoni masu zuwa:
① Marasa lafiya waɗanda suka manyanta, suna da rauni mai rauni zuwa ga matsakaici, kuma suna da buƙatu mafi girma na kayan ji.
-Tsofaffi masu tsaka-tsaki da tsofaffi masu rauni zuwa ga matsakaici mara nauyi, matsakaiciyar hannaye da manyan buƙatu don tasirin taimakon ji da gani.
③ Rashin matsakaiciyar sauraren kunne yana ƙasa da 80-85dB. Don marasa lafiya da masu saurin sauraren kararrawa tare da mitar sauti da ragi sosai, raunin ji na kunne na iya bayar da mafi girman adadin diyya.

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